What now, after Paris 2015? The UK continues to lead the way on global climate change

Posted by Clare Burns on 03-May-2016 15:23:17

Although the Paris Agreement marks a fundamental turning point towards a sustainable and low carbon future, the UK government continues its strategy to reduce carbon, reduce cost and improve security of energy supplies.

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The Paris Climate Agreement, signed at the end of 2015, makes a significant step forward to reducing global emissions. For the first time, 195 countries have committed to act together to combat climate change.

The agreement marks a fundamental turning point towards a sustainable and low carbon future. Countries will now have to come together to review their climate plans and ensure that necessary action is being taken to tackle climate change.

What does the climate agreement mean for low carbon supplies such as Combined Heat and Power (CHP)? Energy and Climate Change Secretary, Amber Rudd, notes in her speech setting out the UK’s agenda for a new direction in energy policy that “nowhere in the energy system is the need for innovation more acute than in how we use heat to keep warm in our homes and for industrial processes.”

Increasing the amount of energy from renewable and low carbon technologies will:

  • Reinforce the security of the UK’s energy supply.

  • Encourage investment and growth in projects that support new business.

  • Help target the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

 

The green energy brief for new projects

Renewable and low-carbon technologies support energy efficiency and sustainability – key terms used in specifications for new energy projects.

When a green energy brief talks about conserving energy, reducing energy costs, reducing CO2 emissions, and improving the reliability of energy supply, energy consultants should consider Combined Heat and Power (CHP), which can generate:

  • Low carbon energy – using fossil fuels, e.g. natural gas.

  • Renewable (zero-carbon) energy – using non-fossil fuels.

 

How do the credentials of CHP stand up to a green brief?

CHP is the simultaneous generation of electrical and heat energy.

  • CHP operates at energy efficiencies of up to 85%

  • It offers energy savings of 30% over conventional generation (power station/boilers)

  • Waste energy is reduced

  • Energy is recycled – CHP heat is utilised instead of being ‘rejected’ to atmosphere

  • Carbon emissions are reduced by up to 30%

  • CHP is a proven and reliable technology – providing sustainability

 

How to specify CHP for optimum efficiency

To achieve optimum energy efficiency, CHP must be sized to match the site’s electrical and heat energy profiles.

  • Energy profiles should include any likely future energy conservation measures.

  • Correctly sized Combined Heat and Power (CHP) will produce an optimum level of energy and CO2 savings - allowing the scheme to classify as Good Quality CHP.

  • Undersized Combined Heat and Power (CHP) will mean a shortfall in energy and CO2 savings.

  • Oversized Combined Heat and Power (CHP) will mean a failure to deliver the energy and CO2 savings that CHP can produce, and the client will not benefit from the business incentives available.

  • Installation design should include good access for long-term operation and maintenance.

 

Alternative renewable fuel options

Renewable or zero-carbon CHP units are fuelled by:

  • Biogas. A gaseous biofuel produced by the biological breakdown of organic matter (biomass), e.g. raw materials such as agricultural plant waste, food waste, manure.

  • Biodiesel. A liquid biofuel produced from natural oils, e.g. rapeseed oil, sunflower seeds, reclaimed vegetable or animal fats.

CHP provides an excellent high-energy solution when installed alongside anaerobic digestion plants producing biogas fuel. The process generates renewable heat and electricity, and may additionally qualify for renewable energy financial incentive schemes:

  • Renewables Obligation Certificates (ROC)

  • Renewable Heat Incentives (RHI)

  • Feed-in Tariff (FiT)

 

Takeaways:

  • CHP can help energy consultants deliver a client’s green energy brief.

  • The green credentials of CHP mean higher efficiencies than conventional energy supplies.

  • The CHP must be correctly sized to achieve its optimum efficiency.

Find out everything you need to know about Combined Heat and Power (CHP). Get your free eGuide now: The Essential Guide to Small Scale Combined Heat and Power.

Essential guide to small scale chp

Topics: Policy & Legislation, CHP / Cogeneration

Clare Burns

Clare Burns is a technical marketer with many years’ experience in the energy arena, as well as in fashion, telecoms and education. Fluent in 3 languages, Clare has worked across Europe. She currently works for ENER-G, a UK manufacturer of carbon reducing, energy efficient products exporting its cogeneration technology across the globe.